Measured in ohms, impedance refers to the resistance of a circuit or device to AC (alternating current). Such an AC circuit could be any two audio devices connected together, like a speaker and an amp, passing audio signals. All other things being equal, more power (watts) will flow through a speaker with a low impedance than one with a high impedance. This will also put a greater strain on the amplifier to try to produce this power. If the impedance is too low for your amp to handle, then this could cause serious issues in your setup.
power amp impedance resistance ohm ohms low circuit AC audio devices speaker watts